Updated on Jan 11, 2022 08:47 IST

Operations is the backbone of any business enterprise. It entails managing and running successfully, business practices of an organization for producing optimum output. The role of any operations team or department is to acquire resources, material, equipment, and staff or develop technology to ensure maximum output in minimum input.

Detail-oriented and decision-oriented, Operations consists of tasks such as planning, controlling, staffing, directing, and organising.

A day in any Operations Manager includes interacting and coordinating with various teams like technology, development, sales, marketing, logistics and supply chain to understand the client's needs and produce the product as per expectation by following the most suitable strategy.

Operations as a field of study is taught at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. One of the most popular Operations courses in India is the MBA/PGDM in Operations. Many diplomae and certificate courses are also available for professionals and students who wish to make a career in this branch of management. Operations can also be pursued at the PhD level, for research and teaching careers.

Although, a BBA degree or an MBA degree will help you in starting a career in Operations; specialization in this branch of management would be an ideal way to kick start a career. Some institutes admit students on merit basis too. 

Admission to Operations Management generally includes two stages:

  • Entrance Exam
  • Group Discussion and Personal Interview

Operations Course: Eligibility Criteria

  • Minimum eligibility criteria to pursue Operations as a specialization in MBA is Graduation with at least 50% marks in aggregate or equivalent in any stream from a recognized university
  • For Reserved category students minimum cut off marks is usually 45% in aggregate
  • Final year candidates or people with work experience are also eligible to apply
  • Prerequisite for admission to this course in many institutes is entrance exam scores like CAT/XAT/MAT/CMAT, etc. However, some institutes induct students on merit only

Operations Courses: Required Skillset

For a successful career in Operations, the prerequisite is leadership qualities as the role requires one to lead inter-departmental meetings, planning, strategizing and execution of the business plan.

Other skill sets required for Operations roles are:

Operations Courses: Required Skillset

Business acumen

Good communication skills

Problem-solving skills

Management skills and leadership quality

Strong Mathematical skills

Strong technical background

Analytical thinking

Ability to multi-task

Eye for detail

Ability to work under pressure

Also Read: How to become Operations Manager

Operations Course: Course Curriculum

Since Operations is taught as a specialization in the MBA degree programme, the course curriculum includes all aspects of management and business studies along with a dedicated semester for topics specific to Operations management.

Some of the topics taught in Operations courses are given below:

Operations Courses: Curriculum

Integrated Production 


System Productivity

Capital Productivity

Labor Productivity

Capacity Planning

Location Planning

Job Evaluation

Value Analysis

Operations Management and Strategy

Tools for Implementation of Operations

Industry Practices

Aggregate Planning

Operations Strategy

Competitive Capabilities  and Core Competencies

Developing Operations Strategy

Competitive Priorities

Manufacturing Strategies

Service Strategies

Applications of Production Planning Techniques

Operations Research Applied to Production Planning

Optimised Production Technology

Computer Aided Process Planning

Simulation Techniques

Computer Integrated Manufacturing

PPC in Supply Chain Management

Strategic Importance of Forecasting

Methods of Forecasting

Qualitative Methods of Forecasting

Associative Models of Forecasting

Accuracy of Forecasting

Estimation of Demand

Introduction to Scientific Inventory Management

Static and Dynamic Inventory Control Methods

Simulated Inventory System

Multi-Echelon Inventory System

Materials Requirement Planning

Meaning and Dimensions of Quality

Quality Control Techniques

Quality based Strategy

Total Quality Management

Total Productive Maintenance

Cost of Quality

Tools of Quality Control

Value Stream Mapping

Statistical Quality Control

Importance of Business Process Modelling

Business Process

Physical Database Modelling

Project Management Principles

Project planning

Project Process Flow

Project Feasibility Studies

Human Aspects in Project Management

Application of Project Management Software

Contract Management

Project Cost Control

 Risk Analysis in Project Management

Project Audit and Project Termination

Domain Applications

Supply Chain Management

Bullwhip effect in SCM

Collaborative Supply Chain

Inventory Management in Supply Chain

Financial Supply Chain

Supply Chain Drivers and Obstacles

Organization of the Supply Chain

Purpose of Operation Scheduling

 Scheduling Strategies

 Scheduling Methodologies

Scheduling in Services

Linear Programming Problems

Integer and Goal Programming Problems

Dynamic Programming Problems

Theory of Probability

Discrete and Continuous Distribution

Decision Theory

Sampling and Estimation

Parametric Inference

Regression Analysis and Tests on Correlation Coefficients

Introduction to ERP systems

Use of SAP 3

Modeling business processes using the tools of ERP software

Configuring an ERP  system

Extending ERP system to Suppliers and Customers


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Operations Courses: Job profiles & Top Recruiters 

An Operations degree opens door to myriad job profiles at managerial level in public, private, government, semi-government organizations. Operations Managers are hired in all the sectors like consulting, construction, hospitality, finance, information and technology, FMCG, E-commerce, shipping, aircraft, almost all domains. Some of the top job profiles are:

  • Operations Manager: Operations Manager’s main job is to manage all the processes efficiently so that the organization is profitable and there is not much of a hindrance to the daily operations.
  • General Operations Manager: The General Operations Manager’s responsibility is to oversee proper functioning of the organization, formulating policies, managing day to day work, planning, delegating duties, etc.
  • Area Operations Manager: The role of the Area Operations Manager includes ensuring timely deliveries from suppliers and the dispatch of goods to the sellers. They are also responsible to make sure that the production process, output and delivery comply with service level agreements.

Candidates with Operations degree are hired by almost all the companies across every industry. Listed below are some of the top recruiters:

Operations: Top Recruiters

Hindustan Unilever



Asian Paints




GSK Pharma

Johnson & Johnson



Reckitt Benckiser

General Mills


Reckitt Benckiser

Samsung India



Make My Trip






Starting salaries

Starting salaries can range from anywhere between Rs 3 - 20 lakh per annum. Students from top B-Schools earn in the range of Rs 15 – 20 lakh per annum.

Important FAQs related to Operations Course

Q. What is the duration of the course?

A. Operations course can be pursued at both undergraduate and postgraduate level. If the student opts for Operations course at the undergraduate level then the duration of the course will be three years and if the students opts for MBA/PGDM in Operations then the duration of the course will be two years.

Q. Can I get the admission into Operations course on merit-basis?

A. Most of the colleges which offer Operations course give admissions through competitive exams like CAT/XAT/MAT/CMAT etc. However, some institutes do provide admissions through merit.

Also Read: How to Get Direct Admission in top MBA colleges without CAT?

Q. What is the career scope after Operations course?

A. A candidate can find his/her career as Operations Manager, Inventory Control Manager, Consultant, Area Operations Manager, Business Process Manager, etc.

Q. Which are the top MBA institutes for Operations course?

A. Institutes like XLRI, IIM Lucknow, Symbiosis, etc. are some of the colleges which offer admission into Operations course. Also Read: Top Colleges that offer Operations Course in India

Q. What is the average salary of Operations Manager in India?

A. The average salary of Operations Manager in India ranges between 3 lakhs to 7.8 lakhs.


Popular Operations Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Operations Colleges in India. Learn more about these Operations colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
3.51 L
3.25 L - 23 L
27.67 LPA

#3 Shiksha Collections

19.25 L
23.5 LPA
1.6 L - 3 L
1 Course
9.89 L
20.01 LPA
2 Courses
7.5 L

#16 Shiksha Collections

Popular Private Operations Colleges in India

3 Courses
1.25 L - 2.5 L
3 L - 8 L
2 Courses
13.4 L - 21.38 L
3 Courses
1.55 L - 6.91 L
Business & Management Studies Applications Open till : 31-Mar-2022
9.64 L - 14.8 L
4 Courses
9.82 L - 18.9 L
2.75 - 5 LPA
Business & Management Studies Applications Open till : 12-Apr-2022

Popular Operations UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Operations UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Operations PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Operations PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses



Pooja Kalange

2022-01-10 13:04:22

I want to know about the latest cutoff for PGDM iConnect in Operations and Supply Chain Management at ITM Business School, Navi Mumbai .

Reply to Pooja Kalange

Dharamveer Dheer

Scholar-Level 18

6 days ago

If you are looking for a good business college in Navi Mumbai, the ITM Group of Institutions is an excellent option to consider is the ITM Group of Institutions. ITM offers an extensive business program for aspirants looking to break into the field. With training by industry experts and exposure ...If you are looking for a good business college in Navi Mumbai, the ITM Group of Institutions is an excellent option to consider is the ITM Group of Institutions. ITM offers an extensive business program for aspirants looking to break into the field. With training by industry experts and exposure to the business world, students gain all the skills necessary to make a career in the niche of their choice.


Shivang agarwal

Contributor-Level 9

a week ago

Check out this link https://www.shiksha.com/college/itm-business-school-navi-mumbai-35619. For more details visit shiksha.com you will find all the true and authentic information about your college here.


Devanshu Nath

2022-02-28 14:20:27

I've graduated with a degree of 3 years (BBA). Which colleges should I target for an MBA in operations?

Reply to Devanshu Nath

Puneet Singh

Scholar-Level 17

a week ago

Hi, the following are the best institutes for the MBA in Operations:1.Indian Institute of Management, Kolkata, 2. Symbiosis Institute of International Business, Pune, 3. Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, 4. Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, 5. Amity University, Noida...Hi, the following are the best institutes for the MBA in Operations:
1.Indian Institute of Management, Kolkata, 2. Symbiosis Institute of International Business, Pune, 3. Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, 4. Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, 5. Amity University, Noida, 6. University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun.
Being an alumnus of LPU, I would like to share the details of an MBA programme at LPU with you. If you are applying for the MBA programme at LPU, you must have passed with a minimum of 55% marks in the Bachelor's degree in any discipline or equivalent. Moreover, you have to qualify for the either LPU NEST exam or should have a minimum of 80 percentiles in the CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT + Interview
Completed Company Secretary CS from Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI)+Interview
Completed Chartered Accountancy CA from Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI)+Interview
Completed Cost & Management Accountancy (CMA) from Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI)+Interview.
The Mittal School of Business at LPU is accredited by Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs, USA ensuring quality education and industry-experienced faculty members, studying in LPU will get a degree accredited from a body of USA.
Placement: Companies like Colgate Palmolive, Hindustan Unilever, Godrej Consumer, Asian Paints, Bajaj Allianz, CEAT, Rallis India, etc. visit LPU for recruitment. The main thing for placement that I liked there is that LPU provides placement classes to the students from the first year, which helps students prepare for placement until their final year of the programme. The highest package offered for the management programme is INR 21 LPA.
Scholarships: LPU provides very good scholarships on the basis of Percentage in Qualifying Exam/ Qualification previous to Eligibility Qualification, LPU NEST CAT/ MAT/ XAT/ CMAT or NMAT Financial Aid, Need-Based, Financial Aid for Serving/ Retired Defence/ CAPF/ Para- Military Personnel and their dependents, Financial Aid to Persons with Certain Disabilities. For more details, you may refer to the LPU website. I hope this helps!


Aerah K

2022-01-23 23:14:12

I want to know if it is unbearable for someone with absolutely no commerce background to pursue international business operations.

Reply to Aerah K


Sahil Narayan

Beginner-Level 4

a month ago

No there will be no hurdles in pursuing this course without prior knowledge of commerce even I'm also from Science background and pursuing international business operations.


Adish Ahmed

Beginner-Level 3

a month ago

It is quite manageable if you develop the basics before starting the academic year, you can simply understand the basics.

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