Updated on Dec 24, 2021 10:20 IST
Mamona Majumder

Mamona MajumderSenior Executive - Content

Criminal Law is a very popular law specialisation. Criminal Law includes the rules, statutes and regulations that define conduct which is prohibited by the law because it threatens as well as harms public safety and welfare. Criminal Law also lays down a punishment that can be imposed on an individual or group of people break any law.

Thus, Criminal Law deals with offences committed against society or the state. Criminal Law is known to be one of the oldest branches of law. An individual pursuing this law specialisation interviews clients interrogates witnesses, conducts trials, correlates proof/ findings, prepares a case for defending his/ her client and also examines as well as cross-examines witnesses in court.

Candidates can pursue undergraduate (UG) as well as the postgraduate (PG) programmes in the field of Criminal Law. In UG level courses candidates need to pursue integrated law programmes in order to specialise in the field of Criminal Law whereas in a PG level law course aspirants can straight away specialise in Criminal Law. Some popular PG level courses offered in the field of Criminal Law are LLM in Criminal Law, LLM in Criminal and Security Law, LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice and Administrative Law, LLM in Criminal and Business Law, LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, etc.

Apart from these degree programmes, candidates can also pursue diploma and certificate courses in the field of Criminal Law. Some of these popular courses are Certificate in Criminal Litigation and Trial Advocacy, Post Graduate Diploma in Criminal Law, Post Graduate Diploma in Criminal Justice and the likes.

Eligibility Criteria for Criminal Law

The eligibility criteria for a Criminal Law course may vary from one college to the other. However, candidates are eligible to apply for an integrated Criminal Law course offered at a college/ university if they have completed their Higher Secondary School/ Intermediate (10+2) or equivalent education from a recognised board.

To pursue the LLM course offered in the field of Criminal Law candidates need to possess an LLB degree or equivalent education.

Skills Required for Criminal Law 

Candidates who want to pursue Criminal Law need to be bold, confident and extremely fluent. Some key skills that an aspirant should possess in order to be successful in the field of Criminal Law are listed below:


Good at collecting information/ data

Good at analysing public policies impacting criminal justice

Ability to work in a team

Good at reading charts & graphs

Critical Thinking

Ability to debate

Good decision-making skills

Leadership skills

Ability to manage stress

Good at multi-tasking

Good observational skills

Problem-solving ability

Good presentation skills


Interest in Research

Interest in detail

Ability to assimilate as well as analyse facts

Interest in technology

Good writing ability


Good convincing power

Fluency and clarity of speech

Mental and physical stamina


Good judge of situation/people

Criminal Law Courses, Subjects and Syllabus

The subjects/ topics taught as part of a Criminal Law course may vary from college to college. Candidates can go through the syllabus of UG level law courses offered in India below:

BA LLB (Hons) in Criminal Law

General English

Language Lab (Clinical-2)

Trial Advocacy (Clinical-3)

Political Science I

Legal Language & Legal Writing

Family Law I

Computer Fundamentals & its Applications

Political Science II

Business Economics - II (Macro)


Business Economics - I (Micro)

Company Law-I

Law of Contracts I

History II


Legal Method & Legal Reasoning

Law of Contracts II

Political Science III

Fundamentals of Moot Court- (Clinical-1)

Torts & Consumer Protection Law

Constitutional Law I

Client Counselling

Law of Crimes (IPC)

Prop. law incl. Trans. of Prop. Act & Easement Act

Program Elective-1

Company Law-II

Crim. Proc. Code, Juv. Justice Act & Prob. of Off. Act

Family Law II

Interpretation of Statutes

Administrative Law

Constitutional Law II

Open elective- 1


Civil Procedure Code & Law of Limitation

Civil Drafting

Program Elective -2

Air & Space Law

Labour Law I

Comparative Criminal Procedure (Hons-2)

Aviation Law

Open elective 2

Labour Law II

Human Rights & International Law

Criminal Drafting

Environmental Law

Law of Evidence

Taxation Law

Financial and Systemic Fraud- (Hons-3)

Criminal Psychology –(Hons-1)

Private International Law

Open Elective-3

Drafting Conveyance

International Economic Law

Forensic Science & the Law (Hons-6)

Open Elective - 4

Drafting of Writs & Conveyance

IT Offences- (Hons-7)

Drafting, Pleading & Conveyance- (Clinical-II)

White Color Crime (Hons-5)

Penology & Victimology- (Hons-8)

Information Technology Law

Open Elective-5

Right to Information

Intellectual Property Law


Prof. Ethics, Acc. for Lawyers & Bar Bench Relation

International Criminal Law- (Hons- 4)

Competition Law

Program elective-3

Confused about which Course & Career to choose?
Take Shiksha Career Test and make the right Course & Career decision!
Get Unique Recommendations based on your Personality, Hidden Strengths and Natural Abilities

Post-Graduate Courses in Criminal Law

Aspirants can go through the course curriculum of Criminal Law programmes offered at the PG level in law colleges of India below:

Course Name


LLM in Criminal Law

Indian Constitutional Law: The New Challenges, Legal Education and Research Methodology, Comparative Criminal Procedure, Penology: Treatment of Offenders, Jurisprudence and Legal theory, Privileged Class Deviance, Drug Addiction, Law and Social Transformation

Juvenile Delinquency, Collective Violence

LLM in Criminal and Security Law

Comparative Public Law, Law and Justice in a Globalized World, Electives, Research Methods and Legal Writing, Principles of Criminal Law

Comparative Criminal Procedure, Human Rights and the Criminal Justice System, Forensic Science and Criminal Investigation

LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice and Administrative Law

Criminal Justice System In India, Juvenile Justice –Law And Policy, Narcotic Drugs- Law And Policy, Cyber Crimes, Comparative Criminal Procedure(Optional Paper IV), Collective Violence And Criminal Justice System(Optional Paper -V), Medical Jurisprudence And Forensic Science (Optional), Privileged Class Deviance (Elective)

Diploma and Certificate Course in Criminal Law

Apart from the above-mentioned courses, candidates can also view the syllabus of Diploma and Certificate courses in Criminal Law below:

Course Name


Certificate in Criminal Litigation and Trial Advocacy

Career Opp. & Emerging Area in Criminal Litigation, Working of the Criminal Justice System, Criminal Drafting, Case Management

Building your Practice

Post Graduate Diploma in Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice System, Indian Penal Code, Criminal Justice Processes, Criminal Justice Administration, Challenges to Criminal Justice System, Criminal Justice Research And Advocacy               

Criminal Law Jobs and Career Opportunities

Criminal Law is one of the oldest and extremely popular law specialisations. After completing an integrated UG level course with Criminal Law as a specialisation aspirants can consider pursuing a PG level course in the same or even opt to join a job. Some popular law job profiles that candidates can pursue after completing a Criminal Law course are:

Criminal Lawyer: In this job profile an aspirant represents his/ her client in a courtroom trial. As part of this job profile, one needs to cross-examine witnesses and then list reasons/ facts around why the court should give the judgement in favour of their client. A Criminal Lawyer conducts research, analyses cases and thereafter presents their findings in a court of law wherein they try to gain their client’s freedom or even negotiate a plea bargain or settlement.

Legal Advisors: In this job profile, one is expected to counsel clients on legal rights and obligations. Legal advisors mostly research laws applicable to a particular case and thereafter go through previous judgements passed in cases similar to the one their client is currently facing and thereafter help them in listing out how they can defend themselves.

Frequently Asked Questions for Criminal Law

Q: What type of courses are offered for Criminal Law?

A: The law specialisation can be studied through bachelor degree, masters degree or diploma courses offered at various law colleges in India,

Q: How to pursue Criminal law as a profession after class 12th?

A: Pursuing a profession as a criminal lawyer right after class 12th is only possible after candidates get admission in a bachelor degree in law and then pursue an LLM degree in Criminal Law specialisation. 

Q: What are the subjects of Criminal Law?

A: The main subjects in Criminal law courses are - Criminal Justice, Criminal Psychology, Forensic Science, Criminal Procedures, Legal Research, Law Ethics, Penology & Victimology, IPC, CrPC, Juvenile Justice, Narcotics, etc. 

Q: What is the difference between Criminal Law and Civil Law? 

A: The Criminal Law deals with punishment for serious or minor offences committed by the accused person. Majorly, criminal law covers serious crimes such as murder, frauds, kidnapping, harassment, breach, assault etc. Whereas the Civil Law deals with disputes between people, parties, organisations, and ultimately the party held responsible have to pay the compensation to the victim/ distressed party.

Q. How much is the course fee for Criminal Law?

A. The course fee for Criminal Law is anywhere between Rs 9,000 and 18,000 for diploma and certificate courses, and between Rs 60, 000 and Rs 5 lakh for degree level courses. 

Q. What are some good colleges for studying Criminal Law?

A. Some of the top colleges offering courses in criminal law are - NLU Hyderabad, Nirma School of Law, UPES School of Law, GNLU Gandhinagar, TN - Dr Ambedkar Law University, NLU Lucknow, WBNUJS Kolkata, NLU Patiala etc. 

Q. What is the admission process for criminal law courses?

A. For admissions, candidates should first apply to the university/ law college and then appear and qualify the entrance exam as accepted. After the results are announced for the entrance exams, a merit list is prepared for shortlisting candidates. 

Q. What are some Diploma courses in Criminal law?

Q. Is criminal law offered as certificate course?

A.  Yes, the subject can be studied as a certificate course - Certificate in Social Work and Criminal Justice System, Certificate in Criminal Litigation and Trial Advocacy etc. 

Q. What is the scope of Criminal law?

A. Looking at the current situation and need for reforms regarding criminal laws and justice, there is huge demand candidate who has studied this specialisation. Many top lawyers in the past have earned good name and, charge a high fee for fighting the criminal cases. Also Read: Five famous lawyers in India

Course Curriculum for Criminal Law

Popular Criminal Law Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Criminal Law Colleges in India. Learn more about these Criminal Law colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
30 K - 1.08 L
8.5 LPA


1 Course
1.52 L
3.6 LPA


1 Course
1.65 L
3.84 LPA


2 Courses
17.4 K
4.8 - 8.4 LPA


1.33 L
4.5 LPA

#10 NIRF

9 K

#14 NIRF

Popular Private Criminal Law Colleges in India

40 K
3.55 LPA

#30 Outlook

3 Courses
19 L - 19.98 L
3.69 LPA

#25 NIRF

11 L

#9 Shiksha Collections

2.39 L

#10 NIRF

1.66 L
2.7 L - 7.25 L
5.8 LPA

Popular Criminal Law UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Criminal Law UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Criminal Law PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Criminal Law PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses



Trupti Chauhan

2022-02-27 21:47:13

I want to know about the fee structure at Shree P. M. Patel College of Human Rights & Law for LL.M. in Criminal Law.

Reply to Trupti Chauhan


Akanksha Pandey

Beginner-Level 5

6 days ago

You can visit their official site.

We use cookies to improve your experience. By continuing to browse the site, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy.